Cover of: Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations | Louis K. Wagner

Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations

a guide to medical management
  • 187 Pages
  • 4.10 MB
  • 4316 Downloads
  • English
by
Lippincott , Philadelphia
Fetus -- Effect of radiation on., Pregnant women -- Radiography., Radiation -- Dosage., Fetus -- radiation effects., Pregnancy -- radiation effects., Radiography -- adverse effects., Radiography -- in pregn
StatementLouis K. Wagner, Richard G. Lester, Luis R. Saldana.
ContributionsLester, Richard G., Saldana, Luis R.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRG627.6.R33 W34 1985
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 187 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2864801M
ISBN 100397506678
LC Control Number84027807

This book comprehensively reviews the medical management issues of pregnant patients who require, or have already had, diagnostic medical imaging studies.

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Included are discussions on radiation risks, the methods, pitfalls and uncertainties of assessing radiation dose, and the relationship of dose to biological effects on the by: Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management Louis K.

Wagner, Richard G. Lester, Luis R. Saldana Lippincott, - Fetus - pages. Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations. Philadelphia: Lippincott, © (OCoLC) Online version: Wagner, Louis K.

Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations. Philadelphia: Lippincott, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Louis K Wagner; Richard G Lester; Luis R.

Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations Author: Louis Wagner et al ISBN: ISBN Published: | pp | OUT OF PRINT Description This book is designed to provide the physician with knowledge about radiations used in diagnostic radiologic procedures, an understanding of the radiologic data needed to assess the risks for pregnant women.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xix, pages: illustrations ; 24 cm: Contents: Ch. The diagnostic radiations and their mechanisms for injury--Ch. units and measures of radiations--Ch.

amount of radiation absorbed by the conceptus--Ch. al risks from ionizing radiations, ultrasound, magnetic fields, and radiofrequency waves--Ch. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

Abstract. Malpractice lawsuits charging that an abortion or fetal anomaly was caused by exposure to diagnostic radiation are infrequent. Nevertheless, radiologists should make every effort to decrease the likelihood of exposing an unknowingly pregnant woman to radiation in order to prevent clinical danger to the fetus and any potential legal liability.

Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 3. Swartz HM, Reichling BA.

Description Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations PDF

Hazards of radiation exposure for pregnant women. JAMA. ;(18) 4. Bushong SC. Management of the pregnant employee and pregnant patient. Contemp Diagn Radiol. ; 5. 6. Wagner LK, Lester RG, Saldana LR. Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management, 2nd ed.

Madison, Wisconsin: Medical Physics Publishing; 7. Brent RL. The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks.

Details Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations PDF

The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks. Semin Oncol. ;–   Wagner LK, Lester RG, Saldana LR. Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management, 2 nd ed.

Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, WI. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Medical Radiation Exposure of Pregnant and Potentially Preg- nant Women, NCRP Report No. Pregnant staff working with diagnostic ultrasound do not need to alter their working practice.

Legal requirements, dose limits and constraints Ionising radiation Statutory dose limits are incorporated into the Ionising Radiations Regulations (IRR) Relevant values are shown in Table 1. Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management.

2nd ed. Articles from AJP Reports are provided here courtesy of Thieme Medical Publishers Formats. ionising radiations is ‘to prevent unnecessary exposure of the fetus when medical diagnostic procedures involving ionising radiation are indicated during pregnancy’ In addition, advice is meant to help to avoid unnecessary concern or action if an exposure does occur.

NRPB issued ASP8 (Exposure to ionising radiation of pregnant. The pregnant patient about to undergo this examination should be informed that the scan will yield important diagnostic information, but it potentially includes a to fold increased risk of childhood leukemia to the fetus.

Exposure time is kept to a minimum level in radiography to prevent motion blur of the image caused by patient movement. A short exposure time usually requires a high mA, which does not reduce the patient's dose considerably. Radiation intensity can be increased by using higher mA stations, not by minimizing exposure time.

The exposed group consisted of pregnant women exposed to sub diaphragmatic ionizing radiations for diagnostic purposes, during the first trimester of pregnancy, and the control group consisted.

Multiple studies have estimated levels of radiation exposure to the fetus and have reported an average exposure between 10 and mrad, 38 The largest study, by Kahaleh et al., 20 examined radiation exposure in 15 pregnant women undergoing ERCP. Techniques were used to minimize fluoroscopy time, and exposure levels were monitored by.

A booklet entitled “Radiation Risk: A Primer”, published in by the ACR, admonishes that “radiation exposure of a pregnant female should be avoided unless the patient has an acute medical problem.” Other publications put the prohibition about administering iodine to pregnant.

You have free access to this content Urolithiasis in pregnancy. I: pathophysiology, fetal considerations and diagnosis. (3) The total exposure at 1 meter for the 4 radiographs is: mA X ^ sec X 4 X 10 mR/mAs = mR = R (4) If we assume that there is a 2 cm distance between the patient and the film, the source to skin distance becomes: SSD = cm - (26 cm + 2 cm) = 72 cm (5) The exposure in air at the SSD is: (f)'xR = R 18 / APPENDIX A (6) From.

Robert J. Shalek Award for significant contributions to medical physics through publication of book entitled "Exposure of the Pregnant Patient to Diagnostic Radiations: A Guide to Medical Management." Southwest Chapter of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, 1. Author(s): Wagner,Louis K; Lester,Richard G; Saldana,Luis R Title(s): Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations: a guide to medical management.

The Joint Commission - Sentinel Event Alert, Radiation Risks of Diagnostic Imaging ; National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Publications; NCRP - Report No. Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States.

The exposure of a foetus to the radiations is referred as the prenatal radiation exposure. This occurs when the mother is exposed to external radiations and can affect the unborn baby.

Unborn babies are less sensitive to the radiations like X-rays in medical imaging at some pregnancy stages; however, between the 8 to 12 weeks of gestation. • WAGNER et al. Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations: A Guide to Medical Management, 2nd Edition, Publisher: Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, (WI ).

• NATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD, Radiation exposure of the UK population, Review NRPB R, Chilton, UK (). In: Exposure of the pregnant patient to diagnostic radiations: a guide to medical management. 2nd ed. Madison, Wis: Medical Physics Publishing, ; Google Scholar; 17 Aakre KT, Valley TB, O’Connor MK.

Quality initiatives: improving patient flow for a bone densitometry practice: results from a Mayo Clinic radiology quality initiative.

@article{osti_, title = {The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: Counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks}, author = {Brent, R L}, abstractNote = {The term radiation evokes emotional responses both from lay persons and from professionals.

Many spokespersons are unfamiliar with radiation biology or the quantitative nature. Risk control in medical exposures Diagnostic radiology: equipment Diagnostic radiology: facility Diagnostic radiology: patient dosimetry Nuclear medicine and radionuclide.

Radiology uses techniques such as X-ray imaging to detect and diagnose diseases and injuries, manage patient care, and guide many forms of medical treatment. Because X-rays involve ionizing radiation that can deposit energy in human cells and cause tissue changes, it is important to minimize any associated risk to the patient.

Precautions to Minimize Exposure to Patient and Operator. Utilize radiation only when imaging is necessary to support clinical care. Avoid allowing the "heavy foot," to step on the fluoroscopy pedal while not looking at the image.

Minimize use of cine. "Fluoro-save" has a exposure of cineangiography.Examinations involving exposure of the lower abdomen or pelvis in pregnant women need particular consideration by the referring practitioner.

The benefit of diagnosing a patient’s condition from a properly conducted and clinically necessary x-ray examination should far outweigh the small risk involved.

The use of radiation for diagnostic studies during pregnancy has been and remains controversial. With proper planning of exposure, the use of tight collimation, low voltages (60–70 kV), a brief exposure, high‐speed screen and prone positioning may decrease the .